FOR YOUR PC
"This section lists how you
could change the settings that would make your PC run smoothly
and be of optimum use to you
How do you increase the
performance of your existing system? This is possible if you
change the settings on your PC. And it won’t cost you a
penny either. When you buy a new PC, it is often loaded down
with space hogging applications that you don’t need. These
applications waste hard disk space and precious memory, so
tell your vendor to load only the software that you need.
following tips can help you system run better. Whether you
have just purchased a new Pentium IV system or are still using
a Pentium 166, your PC will thank you. But here are some
commandments that you have to follow :
#BACK UP YOUR DATA !
Don’t say, “Everyone says that”. Do it!
#Make note of all changes
you make and what the settings were before you messed with it.
You may make changes to the BIOS. If problems arise, you may
need to return to the previous settings.
#Keep in mind the limits of
your hardware. Do not go over board over performance.
#Buy an anti virus program and install it on your machine.
Windows 98/ME/XP, as well as
Windows 95 OSR2 (just one of the version of windows) or the
Plus Pak, gives you a handy tool called the task scheduler.
You can find it under the Start Menu/Accessories/System Tools.
With this, you can schedule important tasks such as Disk
cleanup, Defrag, and with the proper software, virus scans.
You can schedule these activities to take place while you are
away from the computer, such as while you are at work
or away at night. This way, you are not faced with the
long wait. With this took, you have no excuses for a cluttered
drive. But make sure that the schedule is such that it starts
when you don’t need the computer because a process like
Defrag can take ages to complete.
data is very important. So important that you should back it
up. You can set up a safe place to back up all of your data.
This can set up include word documents, pictures, bookmarks,
mailboxes, etc. You can create a directory on an empty hard
drive partition to back up these files. Or you can use such
tools as a ZIP drive, CD-RW drive etc. Many software titles
include the option in the file menu to automatically backup or
archive your important data into such locations but the best
place to store the data is My Documents in windows. Just make
a habit of storing all your files in one directory. This makes
backup far easy as you have to just backup one directory. Also
because of this file storing method, finding files become
is nothing more annoying than having your hard drive too full
for that nice new application you just bought. You should know
exactly what is on your machine. If you are looking through
the directories or your start menu and find something that
doesn’t look familiar, check it out. Run it and see what it
is. If it is useless, then uninstall it. You can do this by
using a program such as clean sweep or the basic Add/Remove
Programs. On a lot of systems you may find stuff like useless sound
card utilities, Windows accessories, etc.
be surprised at the amount of software that runs on you
machine that you don’t even know about. These programs are
set up to start on boot-up without your knowledge. They eat up
precious resources and CPU cycles. Some of these programs hide
in the start Up folder of your start menu. Others hitch onto
other applications. For example, when you install Microsoft
Office, it installs Microsoft Fast Find utility. It loads on
start up and indexes all of your documents when your PC
isn’t busy. It slows down the PC quite a bit when it
indexes, so this is an example of the kind of program that can
be deleted. To find out what is running on your PC, hit
Ctrl/Alt/Del. It will bring up a list of all that is running.
Do you recognize everything? Those that you loaded yourself
will probably be obvious, but menacing programs such as
‘Osa’ and ‘Navapw32’ make finding the useful
applications more difficult. Some of the easy ones can
be removed by going to the Start Menu/Settings/Taskbar and
Start Up. Hit the start menu tab and you can remove those
programs you don’t want to load.
an antivirus software is
absolutely essential. After you have installed antivirus, make
sure the Auto-protect feature is enabled. With this in place,
you don’t have to worry much, because the antivirus software
now checks for all the files on the computer automatically.
Only thing you have to worry about is to download an update
patch every month from the manufacturer's Website, so that
your antivirus package is capable of handling new viruses.
Some of the big names in antivirus business are Symantec,
Network Associates, makers of McAfee Virus Scan and
Prefers McAfee antivirus Software( http://www.mcafee.com
have a 40X CD-ROM drive but it behave like a floppy drive? Try
doing this for optimal performance. Make sure your CDROM
settings are set correctly. One of these is your CD-ROM cache.
Go to the Performance tab under system Properties. Now hit the
file System button under Advanced Setting and click the CD-ROM
tab. Here you can adjust the cache size. Small caches are good
for multimedia apps. Larger caches are good for database and
CD-ROM access. For the best performance, leave it set at
‘Quad speed or higher’.
Hard disk space is never
enough. If you buy a brand new drive that seems so large that
you doubt it will ever fill up, give your hard disk one year,
and you’ll be trying to find ways to save space.
Well, here are some tips to
Run SCANDISK regularly, or another better program
that does the same thing
because scandisk certainly isn’t the best. Regardless, scan
your hard disk often as part of preventive maintenance. This
operation and recovers lost space being
held by lost data. You’ll find this program in Start\Program\AccessoriesSsystem
Defragment your drive at least once per month. You
can use DEFRAG that comes with Windows, or any other better
option. Over a period of time, files can get chopped up and
spread all over the drive, causing your drive to have to look
all over the place to operate. Thus, defragmenting the drive
increases performance, while recovering lost space. You will
find this program in Start\Program\Accessories\System Tools.
Organize your files. This doesn’t help
performance or space, but it sure helps your mental state.
Give directories names that make sense when installing them.
Store your data files in a directory all their own. Remember,
Windows 95 supports long file names. Take advantage of this,
so that it makes sense.
Empty the recycling Bin. When you delete a file under
Windows 95/98/ME/XP, it doesn’t really go away. It goes to
the Recycling Bin. If you forget about this, you could have
several megabytes of space wrapped up in files you thought
Delete unused fonts. Go to control Panel, and
click on fonts. Delete
useless fonts, as they take up lots of space and slow down the
system. Don’t delete any with a red “A” next to them, as
these are windows system fonts.
Empty your ‘temp’ directory’ (c:\windows\temp) regularly.
Close all applications before emptying the ‘temp’
directory. Many programs create temporary files to work with,
before you save them. Sometimes, the program may ‘forget’
to delete these files on shutting down. This happens most
frequently when the program or windows itself crashes.
A good, valid system disk is
invaluable in an emergency. Taking a few minutes to creates a
good system disk will come a long way.
system disk is a diskette with Windows system files and the
necessary setup files. Its purpose is to boot your system in
the even that the hard drive fails to do so. It is also used
to setup a hard drive.
create a good system disk, follow the steps listed below:
^Find a blank floppy diskette
and stick it in Drive A:
^In Windows Explorer,
right-click on A, then choose format.
^Click on full format, and
check Copy System files.
^Click OK. It should start to
format. Make sure the disk isn’t write-protected. If it is,
windows will tell you.
^When done, you well probably
have command.com, Drvspace.bin, Io.sys, and Msdos.sys on the
disk. But you will need more to make the disk truly useful.
^Copy fdisk.exe, format.com,
edit.com, Qbasic.exe, regedit.exe, Uninstall.exe, sys.com,
scandisk.ini, chkdsk.com and attrib.exe to the diskette. Make
sure both Edit.com and Qbasic.exe are on the disk
because Edit won’t work without Qbasic. Some of these files
are not really necessary, but may be of help in certain
situations. You may want to copy config.sys and
autoexec.bat over to the disk as well. All of these programs
can be found in c:\windows\command.
^If there are any other files
you think should be there, by all means, copy those too-after
all its your disk.
^Remove the diskette from the
^Flip the write protect latch
over to keep this disk from being corrupted.
^Test the disk by booting your
system off it.
is also another way of doing this. Go to control panel. Click
on Add/Remove Program/Startup disk and click on create disk
button. If you are using Windows 98 the CDROM drivers are
included in the startup disk.
Copyright © 2002 Dr. Subrahmanyam